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Hybrid Solar Eclipse

Hybrid’ Solar Eclipse








Rare ‘Hybrid’ Solar Eclipse on November 3, 2013: How to  See It

by David  Dickinson on October  28, 2013

Hybrid’ Solar Eclipse














It’s almost upon us. The final eclipse of 2013 occurs this coming weekend on Sunday,  November 3rd. This will be the fifth eclipse overall, and the second  solar eclipse of 2013. This will also be the only eclipse this year that  features a glimpse of totality.

This  eclipse is of the rare hybrid variety— that is, it will be an annular  eclipse along the very first 15 seconds of its track before transitioning to a  total as the Moon’s shadow sweeps just close enough to the Earth to cover the  disk of the Sun along the remainder of its track.

An animation of the path of the November 3rd hybrid solar eclipse. (Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center).

An animation of the path of the November 3rd hybrid  solar eclipse. (Credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center).

How rare are hybrid solar eclipse? Of the 11,898 solar eclipses listed over a  5,000 year span from 1999 BC to 3000 AD in Fred Espenak’s Five Millennium  Catalog of Solar Eclipses, only 569, or 4.8% are hybrids.

Who can see this eclipse?

People from northern South America, across the U.S. Eastern Seaboard and up  through the Canadian Maritimes will see a brief partial solar eclipse finishing  up around 30 minutes after local sunrise. The brief annular “ring of fire”  portion of the eclipse begins at sunrise just ~1,000 kilometres east of  Jacksonville, Florida, as it races eastward across the Atlantic. See our  timeline, below.

Eclipse prospects for the US East Coast. (Courtesy of Michael Zeiler @EclipseMaps)

Eclipse prospects for the US East Coast. (Courtesy of  Michael Zeiler @EclipseMaps)

Nearly all of Africa and the southern Mediterranean region including Spain  will see partial phases of the eclipse, while greatest totality occurs just off  of the coast of Liberia and heads for first landfall on the African continent  over Wonga Wongue Reserve in Gabon. At this point, the duration of totality will  already have shrunk back down to 1 minute and 7 seconds. The shadow of the Moon  will then cross central Africa, headed for a short but brilliant sunset total  eclipse over Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia.

The global path of this weekends eclipse-click to enlarge. (Credit: Michael Zeiler, @EclipseMaps).

The global path of this weekends eclipse-click to  enlarge. (Credit: Michael Zeiler, @EclipseMaps).

This particular eclipse part of saros series 143 and is member 23 of the 72  eclipses in the cycle. The first eclipse in this saros occurred on March  7th, 1617, and the last one will occur on April 23rd,  2897.

Saros  143 also has a checkered place in  eclipse history. The last eclipse in this series crossed  south eastern Asia on October 24th, 1995.

The first detailed picture of a solar eclipse was also taken of a saros 143  member on July 28, 1851. And one saros later, a total solar eclipse on August 7th, 1869 may have saved the butt of  astronomer and explorer George Davidson while traversing the wilds of Alaska.  And one more saros period later,  Dmitri Mendeleev (he of the modern  periodic table) observed the total solar eclipse of August 19th, 1887  from a

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Hybrid Solar Eclipse

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